Interpane: coated architectural glass

2010-01-01 | Glazing / Insulating Glass

Glass is the dominant building material in modern architecture, creating visual accents and offering multiple technical and design features. In architecture, a special emphasis is often placed on energy-saving building methods, particularly in view of the rising energy and raw material costs, which are the greatest challenge of our times. Due to the wide diversification of the technical features, tailor made technical glass consulting is becoming an increasingly important service in architectural glazing. This paper describes the historical context as well as the evolution of glass as a material, and its applications in windows and façades.

Interpane: coated architectural glass
THE HISTORY OF GLASS
Flat glass has been used for around 2000 years as a space-enclosing component and is, therefore, one of the oldest artificial building materials. Due to ongoing developments concerning manufacturing and finishing methods, it is now also one of the most advanced building materials that characterizes modern architecture today. Since it can now fulfil nearly any requirement of modern building envelopes, the conflict between the fundamental human need for protection from the outside world, on the one hand, and the openness to light, on the other hand, has now been overcome.
Flat glass was produced using casting, crowning or cylinder techniques until industrialization. These handcrafted methods were eventually superseded by sheet glass and polished plate glass production methods that were applied until the 1960s. The disadvantage of machine glass processes was that the glass was distorted and uneven. The grinding and polishing steps that were necessary for the production of high-quality plate glass were a cost driver. Both methods were improved over the years, but it was impossible to eliminate the profundamental disadvantages. In order to satisfy the increasing demand for high-quality flat glass,  new methods were required. At the beginning ofthe 1950s, the English company Pilkington Brothers invented an industrial solution and enabled high volume production of large plate formats, along with a consistently high quality at a relatively low price. This is known...

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Article taken from Glass-Technology International bi-monthly magazine (6 issues per year)
Year: 2010 number: 1
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